It is a non – progressive neuro-muscular disorder of cerebral origin it is a condition manifested by impaired muscle co-ordination.
Disorder development of brain structure
Metabolic disturbance like Hypoglycemia
Metabolic disease, maternal exposure to radiation, genetic disorder, maternal bleeding etc.
2] PERINATAL FACTOR—
Immaturity at birth, trauma at birth time, anesthesia at labour etc.
3] POSTNATAL FACTOR—
Intracranial injury infeaction such as meningitis and encephalitis.
1] Spastro cerebral palsy- Most common type in this cortical pyromidial.
Cell’s of brain involved symptoms are-
Abnormal limb position
Hemiplegia ,increase starch reflex
Lack of normal position
2] Dyskinetic cerebral palsy-[Athetosis]
In this type , basal ganglion and corpus stratum are involved symptoms are-
Warm like movement
Difficulty in speaking
3] Ataxia palsy-
in this cerebellum is involved,failure of muscle coordination, irregular
4] Mixed type—
There is a combination of spastro and dyskinetic palsy . mixed condition
in which regular slow and twisting moment occur in extremity specially in hand and figure
Physical examination [neuro developmental examination]
E N G [Myography]
Assessment of learning and language ability
Prevention of maternal and foetal infaction
Good maternal care
Early diagnosis and adequate management to prevent neural defact.
Adequate newborn care, prevention of brain damage
Management plan should involve family and newborn and based
Type of defact and other problems .
Treatment should given according to physician and therapist , occupational therapy in this provide for feeding dressing and other activities.
Education therapy in this stress should given on type of defact such as vision defact , learning capacity of child and other experience according to age.
Social support , family should given support to help and live with child.
Orthopedic support [light weight splint]
Symptomatic treatment should provide by physician